In Vitro Activity of Ceftaroline Against Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus and heterogeneous Vancomycin-Intermediate S. aureus Using a Hollow Fiber Model

Céline Vidaillac, Wayne State University
Steven N. Leonard, Ohio Northern University
Michael J. Rybak, Wayne State University

This article was created while Prof. Steven Leonard was part of Wayne State University's School of Medicine.


Ceftaroline is a broad-spectrum injectable cephalosporin exhibiting bactericidal activity against a variety of bacteria, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Using a two-compartment in vitro phar-macokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) model, we evaluated the activity of ceftaroline at 600 mg every 8 h (q8h) and q12h in comparison with that of vancomycin at 1,000 mg q12h over a 72-h time period against six clinical MRSA isolates, including two heterogeneous vancomycin-intermediate S. aureus (hVISA) isolates. The MIC and minimum bactericidal concentration ranged between 0.125 to 2 and 0.5 to 2 μg/ml for ceftaroline and vancomycin, respectively. In the PK/PD model, ceftaroline was superior to vancomycin against all isolates (P < 0.05), except one to which it was equivalent. No difference in activity was observed between both q8 and q12h dosing regimens of ceftaroline. Bacterial regrowth was observed after 32 h for two isolates treated with ceftaroline. This regrowth was uncorrelated to resistance, instability of the drug, or tolerance. However, subpopulations with higher MICs to ceftaroline were found by population analysis for these two isolates. Finally, and in contrast to ceftaroline, MIC elevations up to 8 to 12 μg/ml were observed with vancomycin for the hVISA isolates. In conclusion, in addition to a lower potential to select resistant mutants, ceftaroline demonstrated activity equal to or greater than vancomycin against MRSA isolates. Although further in vitro and in vivo investigations are warranted, ceftaroline appears to be a promising alternative for the treatment of MRSA infections.