Attenuation of nicotine-taking and nicotine-seeking behavior by the mGlu2 receptor positive allosteric modulators AZD8418 and AZD8529 in rats
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RATIONALE: Numerous medication development strategies seek to decrease nicotine consumption and prevent relapse to tobacco smoking by blocking glutamate transmission. Decreasing glutamate release by activating presynaptic inhibitory metabotropic glutamate (mGlu)2/3 receptors inhibits the reinforcing effects of nicotine and blocks cue-induced reinstatement of nicotine-seeking behavior in rats. However, the relative contribution of mGlu2 receptors in nicotine dependence is still unknown. OBJECTIVES: The present study evaluated the role of mGlu2 receptors in nicotine-taking and nicotine-seeking behavior using the novel, relatively selective mGlu2 positive allosteric modulators (PAMs) AZD8418 and AZD8529. RESULTS: Acute treatment with AZD8418 (0.37, 1.12, 3.73, 7.46, and 14.92 mg/kg) and AZD8529 (1.75, 5.83, 17.5, and 58.3 mg/kg) deceased nicotine self-administration and had no effect on food-maintained responding. Chronic treatment with AZD8418 attenuated nicotine self-administration, but tolerance to this effect developed quickly. The inhibition of nicotine self-administration by chronic AZD8529 administration persisted throughout the 14 days of treatment. Chronic treatment with either PAMs inhibited food self-administration. AZD8418 (acute) and AZD8529 (acute and subchronic) blocked cue-induced reinstatement of nicotine- and food-seeking behavior. CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate an important role for mGlu2 receptors in the reinforcing properties of self-administered nicotine and the motivational impact of cues that were previously associated with nicotine administration (i.e., cue-induced reinstatement of nicotine-seeking behavior). Thus, mGlu2 PAMs may be useful medications to assist people to quit tobacco smoking and prevent relapse.
Li X, D'Souza MS, Nino AM, Doherty J, Cross A, Markou A (2016) Attenuation of nicotine-taking and nicotine-seeking behavior by the mGlu2 receptor positive allosteric modulators AZD8418 and AZD8529 in rats. Psychopharmacology (Berl) 233: 1801-14.