Title

Impact of Inoculum Size and Heterogeneous Vancomycin-Intermediate Staphylococcus aureus (hVISA) on Vancomycin Activity and Emergence of VISA in an In Vitro Pharmacodynamic Model

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

11-11-2008

DOI

10.1128/AAC.01009-08

Abstract

The activity of vancomycin against heterogeneous vancomycin-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus (hVISA) and non-hVISA isolates, using an in vitro pharmacodynamic model, was reduced in the presence of a high inoculum amount (108 CFU/ml). A high bacterial load of >105 CFU/ml persisted for all strains with doses up to 5 g every 12 h against high inoculum amounts. No change in the vancomycin MIC was detected in any isolate at a moderate inoculum amount (106 CFU/ml), and bactericidal activity occurred only against the non-hVISA isolate (time to 99% kill, 7.5 h; P = 0.001).

Comments

This work was created while Prof. Steven Leonard was part of Wayne State University's School of Medicine.

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