The American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association published new blood cholesterol guidelines in November 2013. The new guidelines place an emphasis on evidence-based treatment of dyslipidemias and primarily use randomized controlled trials to create recommendations for health care providers. Major changes from the previous guidelines include eliminating low-density lipoprotein goals, the classification of statins by lipid-lowering potential and the creation of four major statin benefit groups. The new guidelines also establish the role of non-statins in dyslipidemias and use the Pooled Cohort Risk Assessment Equations to calculate patients' risk for cardiovascular events and the need for cholesterol-lowering medications. Pharmacists play a vital role on the health care team and should be aware of the changes in the cholesterol guidelines in order to improve patient care.