Endometriosis is a gynecological condition that occurs in women between the ages of 15 and 49 years, in which endometrial cells grow outside the uterus. Normally, endometrial cells form the endometrium and respond to hormones throughout the menstrual cycle, but when endometrial cells are located outside the endometrium, painful bleeding and other side effects may occur. Treatment of endometriosis is usually symptomatic relief, including the use of oral contraceptives and other hormone replacement options, as well as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. To ensure that patients receive the appropriate treatment for this condition, pharmacists should be able to recognize the signs and symptoms of endometriosis and refer patients to physicians. Pharmacists also play a key role in patient education about the medications and surgical treatments to manage the symptoms and pain associated with endometriosis.
Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications Commons, Medical Pharmacology Commons, Obstetrics and Gynecology Commons, Other Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences Commons, Women's Health Commons