Document Type


Publication Date

Fall 11-16-2023


On October 7, 2023, Hamas launched a powerful surprise attack on the state of Israel, killing more than one thousand people. While this may represent a spike in violence, it is not the beginning. Tensions have existed on the West Bank since the onset of World War I, while a series of negotiations, third party interventions, and frequent violence has exacerbated the problem in the following decades. With this in mind, this Critical Question identifies key actors in the conflict, the history and progression of the conflict, and reasonable predictions for the future of the conflict in the Middle East.