Perceptions and prevalence of alcohol and cigarette use among American Indian adults with type 2 diabetes

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IN BRIEF This study examined community perceptions and prevalence of alcohol use and cigarette smoking among American Indian adults with type 2 diabetes. Results revealed normative rates and perceptions of smoking and negative views and low rates of alcohol use. Participants reported high levels of household indoor smoking and comorbid high-risk drinking and smoking. The high smoking rate among the adult American Indians in this study is especially problematic given the increased risk of cardiovascular problems related to both smoking and type 2 diabetes. The results underscore the importance of considering substance use behaviors and beliefs as a component of overall health and well-being for people with diabetes.

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